PROMOTING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN BUILDINGS
Population, Building Stock and Energy Consumption
The total population of Turkey increased from 56.5 million in 1990 to 72.5 million by the end of 2009. Along with the increase of the population, Turkey’s urbanization rate increased from 52.9% in 1990 to 75.5% by the end of 2009.
As of the end of 2010, the building stock in Turkey is estimated around 8.6 million buildings; where close to 86% of the stock is residential buildings, and the number of dwellings is estimated at 19.2 million. Between 2000 and 2010, despite two economic crises in 2001 and 2008-2009, the building stock grew around 8.1%. Such rates of increase underline the importance of energy-saving measures in the building sector.
Turkey faces a considerable increase in demand for energy. Between 1990 and 2010, primary energy consumption continuously increased at an average of 4.6% annually, reaching up to 109.3 Mtoe in 2010. A similar trend is anticipated until 2023 and the primary energy consumption is expected to continue increasing around 5% annually.
The total consumption of all final end-use sectors was 83.4 Mtoe in 2010. The industrial sector (that represented 36.7% of energy consumption) is the dominant end-user for the last 15 years. The building and services sector is the second largest energy-consuming sector with a 34.7% share of total consumption.